You can find the best medical care for diabetes with an endocrinology specialist like Dr. Orlando Fernandez at Endocrinology Institute of South Florida, where complex conditions like diabetes are individually treated to ensure optimal health. Whether you’ve been diagnosed with diabetes or wonder if you could have the condition, please call one of their offices in Bonita Springs or Fort Myers, Florida, or book an appointment online.
Type 1 diabetes often develops between the ages of four and 14, but it can occur at any age. In Type 1 diabetes, your pancreas can’t produce insulin. Since insulin is responsible for transporting glucose out of your bloodstream, lack of insulin leads to high blood sugar.
Type 2 diabetes usually occurs in adults over the age of 45, but it can develop at an earlier age. In this type of diabetes, your pancreas produces insulin but not enough to maintain healthy blood sugar levels. Patients with Type 2 diabetes also have insulin resistance, which means their body can’t use the insulin that’s available.
Roughly nine out of 10 cases of Type 2 diabetes could be prevented by taking steps to change the top three risk factors: high blood pressure, lack of exercise, and being overweight.
Symptoms develop quickly in patients with Type 1 diabetes. If you have Type 2 diabetes, your symptoms arise gradually. The symptoms for both types include:
Insulin is the primary hormone associated with diabetes, but many hormones also affect blood sugar by ensuring your body has the energy it needs. For example, the hormone glucagon has the opposite effect of insulin, triggering an increase in blood sugar when necessary.
An imbalance of glucagon is rare in Type 2 diabetes, but patients with Type 1 diabetes may lose their ability to secrete this hormone.
Having diabetes can also affect your body’s ability to use two other hormones that counteract insulin: cortisol and growth hormone. An imbalance of either hormone also interferes with blood sugar control:
Cortisol enhances sugar production in the liver. When its levels get too high, blood sugar increases and you may develop insulin resistance.
Growth hormone has effects that are similar to cortisol. It promotes sugar production, burns fat, and leads to insulin resistance when growth hormone levels get too high.
Dr. Fernandez helps you stay healthy by identifying endocrine and body-wide problems associated with diabetes, so don’t hesitate to call or book an appointment online.